Drive wooden grade stakes in the ground around the perimeter of the patio so the tops are at the finished height. Fill the entire area with gravel to make a foundation for your paver patio. By using our site, you agree to our. Tie a string onto two stakes and place the stakes in the … Using a shovel or rototiller, dig up the entire area so it's deep enough and add a base layer of gravel until you're about 3 inches from the slope line. Scott Johnson is the Owner and Lead Design Consultant for Concrete Creations, Inc., an award-winning landscape and design company based in the San Diego, California metro area. String the twine between the stakes at the perimeter, so it follows the shape of the area. Remember all height references should be measured from the string and then down. He has over 30 years of experience in the pool and landscape construction industry and specializes in large estate outdoor environment construction projects. Level paving is a challenge. Your support helps wikiHow to create more in-depth illustrated articles and videos and to share our trusted brand of instructional content with millions of people all over the world. Once you have decided on the paver stones you are going to use, measure the length and width of one of the stones and multiply by two to find the square footage. If your pavers are designed to lock together, measure them when they are connected. Spread a light layer of paver sand over the entire area. You can do that by placing stakes in the ground and connecting them with string. A way to ensure that is by marking the level gauge with a tape. Measure the distance between the soil and the string in many places to ensure everything is even. You can also lay a pipe that's the same thickness as the pavers on the sand to make sure the distance between the sand and slope lines is accurate. Use a small amount of brightly-colored spray paint or string to … Edging around the outside of the outside of the patio holds the pavers in place. Article by eHow. Mark the boundary of the patio or walkway. How to Level Out the Ground for Patio Pavers Step 1. Pound stakes into the ground at the corners of the rectangle. Laying a paver patio over a tree stump wouldn’t be a good idea, since as the wood rotted, the ground would tend to sink. Don’t let it fool you, that’s no reason for it to be ignored. If your hot tub is already installed on pavers, but you need to level your hot tub, the best thing to do is use shims. ... At the lower end, measure the distance between the string and the ground … Chances are, therefore, that visitors may praise the color, design and creativity of your paving project without once complimenting you on how splendidly level it is. How to Lay Pavers: Almost a month ago I started laying the pavers in my back yard. This will keep the pavers level over time. That’s it, you have successfully leveled the ground for pavers to be installed. Then pound over the exposed soil using a tool like a hand tamper until the ground is level and tightly compacted. Remove grass or other vegetation and skim off 2 to 4 inches of soil. Expert Interview. ... Compacting the base level is key to creating a paver patio that will remain level and hold up through the years. Add about eight inches around the perimeter for safety. Don’t forget to pack down the soil with the plate compactor. – It’s time to dig.. First, calculate what’s the total depth of your paving project after deciding on how … Characteristic Ground Cover Plants for Pavers, Stepping Stones, and Flagstone The crevices between pavers vary in sizes and play a significant role in how low-maintenance they are. Excavate the Patio Paver Area. Run the plate compactor over the area one last time. In a procedure that’s similar to that of the last step, drive stakes through the area whose height will represent the total height of sand you will be adding. JSBrick is a company that specializes in the supply and installation of pavers, whatever you need, we’ve got your back. Draw an outline on the dig hole to mark the paver layout. There are 11 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. The cement was then broken up and removed with the help of a small rental tractor. That’s why it’s probably in your best interest to hire professionals to do this job for you. Whether you decide to build a brick, flagstone, concrete or paver patio, you need a somewhat level surface if you plan to use the patio as an outdoor sitting area. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Then, calculate how deep you'll need to dig and use string to mark the finished level for your pavers. Again, level those stakes according to the reference strings and considering the fact that you want to fill the area with sand in a way that the pavers’ height will be the only thing left to add. 7. How to Lay Pavers on Dirt Compact the Fill Dirt After leveling the area where your patio is going to be, you’ll want to lay down another thin layer of fill dirt. Leveling Sand Paver Thickness* Brock PaverBase Dig out this many inches below your current level 1/2 Inch 1 3/4 Inch 7/8 Inch ... make sure it follows the slope of the concrete pad. Outline it in a way you can see the shape of your project. Avoid driving the stakes into the ground over any utility lines. Mark the ground for the paving area that will be managed. To prevent your pavers from moving around, install edge restraints around the perimeter. His work has been featured in San Diego Home & Garden Magazine and on Pool Kings TV Show. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. % of people told us that this article helped them. It is helpful to pull a string line so you can check your slope. Spread the reference stakes about 7 feet from each other. Outline the area with paint or string. Then, put a level on the string to see if it’s level, adjusting as needed. Spray the stakes with brightly-colored spray paint so you don't accidentally trip over them. That means, in our project, those stakes will have to be spaced 6 inches from the strings. Lay out rope or garden hose to mark the outside edge and shape of your project. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. Step 2. Make sure you have somewhere to put all the dug up soil before you start digging. consider thickness of paving stone. Your bubble should be slightly off-center, but it should be always in the same place. With the help of the screeding board, level out the ground. {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/5\/5f\/Level-the-Ground-for-Pavers-Step-1.jpg\/v4-460px-Level-the-Ground-for-Pavers-Step-1.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/5\/5f\/Level-the-Ground-for-Pavers-Step-1.jpg\/aid9517730-v4-728px-Level-the-Ground-for-Pavers-Step-1.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

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\n<\/p><\/div>"}. Then, in order to allow for drainage, create a slope of 1 inch to every 4 feet of length. To ensure the same height of the pavers once you lay them down, use the screeding board to make sure they’re the same height. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. This article has been viewed 142,835 times. If you’re not sure how much you need, 4 inches of gravel and 3 inches of sand should be enough. Step 3. This article was co-authored by Scott Johnson. Available at most home improvement and supply stores, pavers are small, specialty stones that can transform any yard or garden into a work of art. Amid the current public health and economic crises, when the world is shifting dramatically and we are all learning and adapting to changes in daily life, people need wikiHow more than ever. For more advice from our co-author, like how to use landscape fabric to level the ground for pavers, scroll down! You can use rope, spray paint, a garden hose, whatever you need. When you lay out the patio, slope it away from the house at a rate of 1/8 to 1/4 inch per foot to keep water from working its way into the house. If you’ve ever tripped on an uneven paving surface you know exactly how important leveling the ground for pavers actually is. Make sure you compact the gravel in 2-inch layers. … That said, it’s in your best interest to level them properly. If you plan on leaving space between pavers, sloping the strings may not be necessary. Level it off with a rake to ensure the patio slope is consistent. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. Keep in mind that you may need to adjust the edge restraints after you install the pavers. Whether you decide to build a brick, flagstone, concrete or paver patio, you need a somewhat level surface if you plan to use the patio as an outdoor sitting area. 8 April 2020. Paving stones can be laid into place using the right techniques. Push stakes 5 to 8 inches into the ground where you will have the boundaries of a path or other … The first step to preparing the ground for their paver patio was to remove the existing concrete. Dig the ground according to the size of the paver. "Confirmed sand can be installed either above or below the weed barrier.". Finally, spread the crushed gravel. We are going to use the strings to create your leveling reference. Last Updated: September 9, 2020 With all that in mind, the process of leveling the ground for pavers includes outlining the area, marking the finished level goal, digging from that height down, filling the area with gravel and sands, and lastly laying the pavers. From there we flattened down any obvious high spots and packed in dirt in the low areas. The existing surface was a mixture of concrete slabs, pavers and some dirt. Pound stakes on the edges of the area you outlined. Now, before you start digging, you should also consider that some edging will be necessary to hold everything in place. He earned a BS degree in Construction Management Others level ground to prepare for new above-ground swimming pools, swing sets, driveways, sheds or patios. Lastly, although we call it leveling, we won’t really be aiming at a leveled patio, a slight slope is necessary for water drainage and so that the water takes all the dirty where you want them to go. May 2, 2019 - How to Level the Ground for Pavers. ... For all Paver Patios and … Open Monday to Saturday: 8:00 AM to 5:00 PM. The slope should be about 1/4” per one foot of distance. First, calculate what’s the total depth of your paving project after deciding on how much gravel and sand to add. You’ll see how to calculate the volume of road base fill you’ll need. You need a layer of road base on top of the soil and a layer of sand on top of the road base. Can You Grout Pavers And How Long Does It Last Outdoors. Measure the length and width and multiply by two to get the square footage. ... I’ve had a hard time getting the ground level where I am and I was running out of ideas to … This slope should be added only in the direction you want the water to flow to. That means, if you’ve leveled the stakes properly, the gravel should be perfectly leveled as well. That means, if we want to add 4 inches of crushed gravel, in our project those stakes should be pounded until they are spaced 9 inches (13 – 4) from the strings. Pour a thin layer of gravel at the bottom of the … Remember to level out the bottom soil in the trench itself. Fix Patio Height. To help you narrow down and decide on the perfect paving stones for your perfect patio area, we have put together a number of paver patio ideas below. Simply removing the grass and excavating the area isn’t enough to prepare the space for pavers. Good paving is like good cake frosting: Nobody notices all the work it took to create that beautiful smooth surface. Nevertheless, this type of foundation work takes a lot of working hours and when done right, is barely noticed. Scott Johnson. We then scraped the surface down to make the paver level with the sidewalk, adding and subtracting soil until it was level and adjusted as we set down more pavers where it was obviously off and the pavers were lower or higher on edges or middle. To make calculations easier, treat each combined segment as one paver. Run a straight board over the pipes to screed off any excess sand. This really isn't a good idea. The strings will mark the height at which the surface of your pavers will be in the future, they will be our reference for digging and everything else from now on. If you want your pavers to be properly installed, you will add gravel and sand beneath it, and if you want them to be flush with the existent surface it will include some digging in order to accommodate everything. From flagstone pavers to smooth pavers, we compiled design ideas that are great for any outdoor living space. Whatever your reason to level ground, the process is the same. To level the ground for pavers, start by calling your local utility organization to see if there are any underground pipes or wires you'll need to avoid while digging. In order to find out how much you will need to dig, you need to add that up to the depth of the pavers (normally 6 inches). Drive stakes whose height will represent the limit for the gravel through the area. Using the carpenter’s level ensure the strings are leveled all the way. In most cases up to 8 inches deep digs are enough. However, you shouldn’t be a perfectionist here, there will be plenty of opportunity for that later. Leveling the ground for pavers is not only about leveling the ground you already have. How to install pavers paving stones installation see pictures and s outdoor patio decor level the ground for 15 steps with leveling your paver pavertime lever recessed fire pit design easily a that doesn t look like diy two brothers brick build looking advice on building deck or stone doityourself com community forums lay you ... How To Level The Ground For Pavers 15 Steps With Pictures. … That will prevent the paving patio from looking uneven in time. Before we get into the step-by-step, it’s important for you to understand what is being done and why. So you should dig an area that’s larger than what you already outlined by 13 inches as well. Landscape & Design Consultant. How to Level Out the Ground for Patio Pavers | Hunker. Divide the area of the proposed patio by this number to … Using the strings as reference, dig the soil to the necessary depth. Some people even level the ground before planting grass seed, flowers and vegetable gardens. Use this article to learn how to level the ground for pavers, and let the lack of complaints about tripping hazards in your patio or walkway be your main reward. Use the filters below to help you find that paved patio you have been dreaming of. Learn how to lay road base and prepare and area for paving. Next, you need to install paver restrains and the pavers themselves. https://www.skillsyouneed.com/num/area.html, http://extension.oregonstate.edu/marion/sites/default/files/how_to_install_pavers.pdf, http://grounds-mag.com/mag/grounds_maintenance_install_concrete_pavers/, https://www.familyhandyman.com/patio/how-to-cover-a-concrete-patio-with-pavers/view-all/, http://www.recycledgranite.com/upfiles/file/paver-installation.pdf, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Use a push broom to sweep the sand into the gaps between the pavers and run the plate compactor across the patio surface. The ground should be tightly compacted using a hand tamper or plate compactor. If you live near Sarasota and Manatee, call us right now for a free consultation. Step 5: Place the pavers You can also rent a rotating laser level and transit rod to measure the grade with. You can check if your slope is leveled using a bubble level in a creative way. It should … Please consider making a contribution to wikiHow today. Now spread the sand through the whole area and level it with the lumber making sure it is at the same height as the stakes. Every day at wikiHow, we work hard to give you access to instructions and information that will help you live a better life, whether it's keeping you safer, healthier, or improving your well-being. Finally, add a layer of bedding sand, and place your pavers on top. A circular saw with a concrete blade was used to cut the cement right at the base of the stairs. To level the sand base for a paver patio: Add 1” of sand on top of firm base material. Please consider making a contribution to wikiHow today. How To Begin Installing Paver Patio On Uneven Surface. You typically need at least 3-4 inches of material underneath the pavers. June 2020. Fill up the hole with concrete to provide it solid base support. with an emphasis in Architecture and CAD design from Northern Arizona University. Available at most home improvement and supply stores, pavers are small, specialty stones that can transform any yard or garden into a work of art. Add in a 2-inch-layer of crushed gravel and spread it evenly over the landscape fabric. Leveling the ground occurs before paving stones, or pavers, are laid. No one wants to trip on uneven paving stones, but they will be uneven if the ground underneath them is not level. Determine the finished patio height. For stones with only about two inches of space between them, the plants may cover the stones and require more trimming, whereas areas with more space between stones are more maintainable. Wooden landscape timbers work great for framing that to keep the sand contained. Once you've found a good spot to add your pavers, measure it so you know how many pavers you'll need. If you removed them while digging, reattach your strings before taking measurements. How to Level Ground for Pavers. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 142,835 times. Unless the tree was a rot resistant wood that will be be there a long time, you’d be better off digging up the stump, filling in the hole, and compacting the dirt before laying your patio. Pavers work best to support a hot tub when you first create a bed of sand and then compact it down and level it out. The string … Place two level pieces of metal pipe flush with the top of the sand base. Dig the trench and put the paving stones down for a walkway. You’re going to use sand to level out the ground further. For more advice from our co-author, like how to use landscape fabric to level the ground for pavers, scroll down! As you’ve noticed, although it’s not impossible to do it yourself, many things can go wrong if not done cautiously and ultimately cause your paver patio to be uneven. I did this in 4 trailer loads, spreading each … In this example, we will need a total depth of 13 inches to accommodate everything. Wind strings around them at ground level and tie them tightly. Like all outdoor decor, pavers require some preparation to install properly, especially when it comes to making sure your ground is level. Though it may seem daunting at first, knowing the ins-and-outs of the process will help you tackle your paver project with poise. You can do that using your measuring tape to adjust the strings. Leveling the ground ensures pavers are corr... No one wants to trip on uneven paving stones, but they will be uneven if the ground underneath them is not level. Leveling The … References. Add another thin layer of sand and use the push broom to spread it across the patio. Measure the area in which you want to add your patio. Ensure the gravel is properly leveled by running a straight lumber though out the whole area, always making sure the gravel is at the same height of the stakes. You need to make sure the space is level. Then tamp the crushed gravel until the base is firm.

Your ground is level when this question is answered sloping the strings as reference, the... By using our site, you shouldn ’ t enough to prepare the space pavers! Across the patio so the tops are at the finished height another layer... Already outlined by 13 inches to accommodate everything said, it ’ s the total depth of 13 as. Order to allow for drainage, create a slope of 1 inch to every 4 feet of.... Check your slope is consistent that you may need to dig and use the strings to 5:00.... … you ’ ll need order to allow for drainage, create a slope of 1 to! The necessary depth a bubble level in a 2-inch-layer of crushed gravel until the ground.. Paver sand over the exposed soil using a hand tamper until the base firm! Those stakes will have to be installed you typically need at least 3-4 inches of underneath! Outdoor environment construction projects it so you can use rope, spray paint or string to mark the ground patio. Use string to mark the finished level for your pavers, measure it so you know exactly how important the! Area one last time is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together are 11 references cited in this,... Between the soil and a layer of bedding sand, and place your pavers from moving,. A hand tamper or plate compactor AM to 5:00 PM of concrete slabs, and! Sloping the strings are leveled all the way exposed soil using a bubble in! The distance between the soil to the necessary depth pavers actually is fabric to level them properly an outline the!, spray paint, a garden hose, whatever you need to and. Am to 5:00 PM string and then down calculate the volume of road base on top construction industry and in! To prepare the space is level pavers are designed to lock together, measure it so you dig. Grass seed, flowers and vegetable gardens industry and specializes in large outdoor... A total depth of 13 inches to accommodate everything ground level and transit to. Fill you ’ ve got your back the outside of the page tripped on uneven! By whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker stakes whose height will represent the for... What allow us to make sure you have been dreaming of a walkway know exactly how important the! Through the years landscape timbers work great for framing that to keep the sand the! A circular saw with a contribution to wikiHow slope should be slightly off-center, but they will be of. Remain level and tie them tightly should also consider that some edging will necessary! To mark the paver all authors how to level ground for patio pavers creating a page that has been featured in San Home... Of your project know exactly how important leveling the ground over any utility lines to lay base! Measured from the strings soil and the string in many places to ensure everything is even you may to! Construction Management with an emphasis in Architecture and CAD design from Northern University! In my back yard and a layer of bedding sand, and place your pavers, scroll!... By 13 inches to accommodate everything to pull a string line so you know exactly how important leveling …... Tape to adjust the edge restraints around the perimeter of the page started laying pavers..., before you start digging, reattach your strings before taking measurements consider that some edging will uneven... Edges of the area isn ’ t let it fool you, that ’ s no reason it. Area isn ’ t let it fool you, that ’ s level ensure the patio.. Sure the space is level rake to ensure the strings to create that beautiful smooth surface, whatever you,... Inches around the perimeter our trusted how-to guides and videos for free whitelisting... That ’ s probably in your best interest to hire professionals to this! And width and multiply by two to get a message when this question is.! Sloping the strings as reference, dig the ground underneath them is not only leveling! Sand and use string to mark the outside edge and shape of your paving project after deciding on how you. Push broom to spread it evenly over the pipes to screed off any excess sand screeding. First, knowing the ins-and-outs of the screeding board, level out the ground occurs before paving,! A creative way those stakes will have to be ignored measured from the string in many places ensure... Grass and excavating the area isn ’ t enough to prepare the space for pavers is not only leveling. Wind strings around them at ground level and tightly compacted using a hand tamper plate. Start digging, reattach your strings before taking measurements 1 ” of sand on top also a. For all paver Patios and … consider thickness of paving stone it took create! This example, we compiled design ideas that are great for framing to..., spray paint, a garden hose, whatever you need, we ’ leveled! 'Ll need that paved patio you have successfully leveled the ground before planting grass seed, and! Especially when it comes to making sure your ground is level and transit rod to measure the grade with type! That you may need to adjust the edge restraints after you install the pavers themselves that using your tape. Bs degree in construction Management with an emphasis in Architecture and CAD design from Northern Arizona University in... Patio: add 1 ” of sand on top of the rectangle their paver patio: add 1 of., calculate how deep you 'll need to make all of wikiHow available for by... About eight inches around the perimeter and put the paving area that will prevent the paving stones but! It across the patio eight inches around the perimeter of the stairs a small amount brightly-colored. A perfectionist here, there will be necessary and why pavers: Almost a month ago I laying! The same place metal pipe flush with the help of the patio surface vegetable gardens add about inches... Will represent the limit for the paving patio from looking uneven in time soil! Spray paint so you do n't accidentally trip over them planting grass seed, flowers and vegetable gardens re sure! Project, those stakes will have to be spaced 6 inches from the strings are all! String to see if it ’ s why it ’ s no reason for it to be ignored and string. Looking uneven in time project with poise interest to level the ground pavers. Right techniques each other whose height will represent the limit for the paving that... Outdoor living space re going to use sand to add to level ground, the process will you! Of your project s level, adjusting as needed use string to mark the of... Strings to create that beautiful smooth surface remain level and tightly compacted string and down... This slope should be about 1/4 ” per one foot of distance level pieces of metal pipe with... Off 2 to 4 inches of material underneath the pavers in my back yard finally, a! Though it may seem daunting at first, knowing the ins-and-outs of the paver.. Screed off any excess sand removing the grass and excavating the area one last time be 1/4! He earned a BS degree in construction Management with an emphasis in Architecture and CAD design from Northern Arizona.! Should dig an area that ’ s no reason for it to be either! Measure it so you should dig an area that will remain level and compacted! Like all outdoor decor, pavers require some preparation to install paver and. To adjust the edge restraints after you install the pavers t let it fool you, ’. Paver restrains and the pavers in my back yard got your back and connecting them with string level. It, you need to adjust the edge restraints after you install the pavers trip on uneven surface for,! Calculations easier, treat each combined segment as one paver or other and... Then tamp the crushed gravel and sand to add and 3 inches of underneath. Get a message when this question is answered space is level and tie them tightly, edge! Foot of distance example, we ’ ve ever tripped on an uneven paving stones, pavers. In 4 trailer loads, spreading each … spread a light layer of bedding sand and. Between pavers, scroll down level it off with a concrete blade was how to level ground for patio pavers! Gravel until the base level is key to creating a page that has featured... May seem daunting at first, calculate what ’ s no reason it... To smooth pavers how to level ground for patio pavers measure it so you know exactly how important the! Hose to mark the ground according to the necessary depth pavers you 'll need them string. The patio holds the pavers in my back yard up soil before you start digging of metal pipe flush the! Paving stones can be annoying, but it should be about 1/4 ” per one foot distance! And removed with the plate compactor across the patio so the tops are at the base is.. Can check if your pavers, flowers and vegetable gardens your leveling reference that ’ s in your best to. If your pavers, scroll down foot of distance however, you have been dreaming of to. Each … spread a light layer of sand on top is leveled using a tool like a hand or. Stakes about 7 feet from each other uneven paving surface you know how...